What are some of the methods to remove heavy hydrocarbon, paraffin and asphaltene build up?
Mechanical means – time consuming, manually intensive, expensive.
Hot fluid injection – limited effectiveness, heat source required.
Chemical solvents – generally effective, issues with toxicity.
What types of heavy hydrocarbons inhibit well production?
High molecular weighted paraffin’s (collectively termed wax).
They are amongst the first compounds to freeze out of crude.
As solids these compounds may cause plugging of downhole equipment and pipelines. The consequences of wax separation are flow line constrictions.
High molecular weighted asphaltene compounds.
Asphaltene’s are a classification of naturally occurring organic compounds of a specific solubility.
BioFlo™ is designed specifically to treat and eliminate the asphaltene build up.
What is the best method for the removal of heavy hydrocarbon build up?
Every oil and gas well is different and has unique characteristics. That said however, chemical solvents are the most efficient method to remove heavy hydrocarbon build up.
How safe is the chemical use of BioFlo™ to ground environment?
BioFlo™ is NON TOXIC.
BioFlo™ is Bio Degradable.
How does the producer recognize either a paraffin or an asphaltene build up?
A chemical analysis of the crude.
Reduced production flow over time.
Visual inspection of well piping.
Are there negative repercussions after using BioFlo™?
No!! BioFlo™ is safe and effective. BioFlo™ is non toxic and bio degradable.
How much BioFlo™ would be required for the first treatment of a well?
The amount of BioFlo™ required varies from well to well. The rule of thumb is as follows:
Wells down to 2,000 foot depth, two to four drums (55 US gallon) and circulate for 24 hours.
Wells from 2,000 feet to10,000 feet, four to eight drums (55 US gallon) and circulate from 24 to 36 hours.
Does the USA EPA or other government agency require special handling?
USA EPA does not have special handling requirements. USA OSHA requires that all BioFlo™ containers are properly placarded with an MSDS attached.
What type and size containers is BioFlo™ available in?
BioFlo™ is shipped in 55 US gallon drums.
275 and 330 US gallon tote tanks.
16,000 and 25,000 liter shipping tankers.
How much BioFlo™ is required to maintain maximum production?
Every well will produce heavy hydrocarbon blockage at different rates.
As production rates start to fall, treat the well as required.
If we circulate the solvent longer will we get better results?
Once the BioFlo™ treatment is complete within the production string, continuing to circulate the chemical will not enhance production rates.
BioFlo™ is designed to reduce heavy hydrocarbon build up and increase the well normal production rate unimpeded by constricted tubing.
Do I need to recapture BioFlo™ after it’s circulated in the well?
No. BioFlo™ will continue to work as a property of the crude within the well piping, field gathering lines and the field storage tanks.
Does BioFlo™ work in the field storage tanks?
Yes. Usually, if each individual well is treated on a regular basis, this amount of BioFlo™ would be enough to keep tank bottoms clean.
BioFlo™ technology allows the solvent to extend its operating range to the storage tank surfaces, therefore requiring less treatment quantity in typical applications.
Does BioFlo™ work on field flow and gathering lines?
Is BioFlo™ safe to use for field workers?
Yes. BioFlo™ has an average flash point of 150 degrees F. Most production string solvents used in the oil fields around the world have average flash points of 45 to 50 degrees F.
BioFlo™ does not have special HAZMET clothing requirements. BioFlo™ does not require filtered re-breathing masks.
What concentration of solvent is required during treatment?
BioFlo™ is a 100% active ingredient blend, and as such, each drum or container will have the proper concentration of blended solvent ready to be deployed.
Will BioFlo™ also work on heavy and difficult hydrocarbons in crude such as benzene and aromatics?
Yes. BioFlo™ will work faster and safer than other chemical treatments.
Does BioFlo™ work on “Heavy Crude” API 8 gravity oil?
Yes. BioFlo™ enhances the continuous flowing capabilities of heavy crude within the production string as well as in the field gathering lines.
How long will the paraffin stay in suspension after treatment?
BioFlo™ will hold the paraffin in suspension indefinitely.
What is the specific gravity of BioFlo™?
What is the API Gravity of BioFlo™?
What is the flash point of BioFlo™?
150 degrees F.
What is the boiling point of BioFlo™?
345 degrees F.
Does BioFlo™ stay in suspension and is it stable?
BioFlo™ is a stable compound and stays in suspension (centrifuge tested).
Does BioFlo™ work in extreme cold environments?
Yes. BioFlo™ has been lab tested numerous times and continues to work in temperatures to minus 40 degrees F. below zero.
Does BioFlo™ need to be removed from the crude before entering the refinery production operation?
No. BioFlo™ does not need to be removed from the crude. BioFlo™ is a long chain carbon based blend and therefore will not hurt or hinder refinery operations.
How can BioFlo™ be deployed?
BioFlo™ can be deployed either continuously or in a batch treatment.
When would we use continuous versus a batch treatment deployment?
Continuous treatment is utilized when the amount of heavy hydrocarbon build is slow. By continuously deploying small amounts of BioFlo™ on a regular basis, this will inhibit any build up to create a blockage.
Batch treatment is utilized when a substantial build up of heavy hydrocarbon occurs constricting the production string and gathering lines. When this happens, it requires an increased amount of solvent material to solve the problem.
What other solvents are utilized in the oil fields?
Solvents are among the most popular methods of heavy hydrocarbon removal. Some of the solvents are Carbon Disulfide, Chlorinated Solvents, Benzene, Xylene and Toluene. However, they are extremely flammable, toxic and/or carcinogenic. The USA EPA has banned underground injection for most of these solvents. Each carries a high degree of danger in their use. Others blends of these solvents have a propensity to destroy the mechanical parts of the pump and well tubing. The popular Toluene based solvents carry a flash point of 45 to 50 degrees F. and in cold environments, stop working around 25 degrees F.
BioFlo™ is truly a superior solvent, it is Bio Degradable, Non Toxic and has an average flash point of 150 degrees F. BioFlo™ works in minutes rather than hours. This speed reduces any production down time. BioFlo™ works in extreme cold environments.
Industrial Systems provides well analysis for paraffin and asphaltene related problems.
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Address: 1001 Brickell Bay Drive Suite 2014 Miami, Fl 33131 USA
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